Parramatta - Place Where Eel Lie DownParramatta - Place Where Eel Lie Down

Parramatta is a city rich in history, a place of elegant parks, a vibrant multicultural community, and a shopper's paradise, and a centre for sport, dining and entertainment.

Just 23 kilometres (14 miles) west of Sydney city centre, it is Australia's second European settlement, founded in November 1788 - just nine months after the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove. During 1788, Governor Arthur Phillip had reconnoitred several places before choosing Parramatta as the most likely place for a successful large farm.

Parramatta was the furthest navigable point inland on the Parramatta River (i.e. furthest from the thin, sandy coastal soil) and also the point at which the river became freshwater and therefore useful for farming.

The discovery of this region had a significant impact on the fledgling colony, providing fertile soil to grow crops vital to the colony's survival-a feat not managed at Sydney Cove; Governor Philip originally named the area Rose Hill and established several building and a small fort.

The indigenous people of the region, knows as the Burramattahal, are a clan of the Darug people of the Sydney Basin. Derived from the name of the clan, the name Parramatta means' "place where eel lie down" and was officially adopted in 1791.

The city centre of Parramatta leads down to the Parramatta River, which is crossed by seven bridges. The River features one of the cultural highlights of the city-The River Walk. This evocative Indigenous artwork incorporates a painted pathway, interpretive plaques and native plantings. The walk meanders along the foreshore from Charles Street Ferry Wharf to the historic Lennox Bridge. Its shape reflecting the winding river, the path tells the history of the river and its people from an Aboriginal perspective. The walk ends in a reconciliation sounds cape outside Parramatta Heritage and Visitor information Centre.

Parramatta's appearance as a thriving modern, city often masks the rich history lying beneath its foundation. Visitors can follow the footsteps of the early colonists on one of the many heritage walks that take in some of Parramatta's nationally significant sites.

Delve into Parramatta's past with a stroll along the Harris Park Heritage Walk, which is accessible from the ferry wharf or the Railway station. One of the highlights of the walk is Elizabeth Farm. John Macarthur, a military man and a shrewd operator who wielded significant influence in the fledgling colony, built the house in 1793. The farm was named for his wife, a great woman of great influence herself. The current site still contains part of Australia's oldest private building, and the garden features exotic plants spanning two centuries, including on olive tree that has been bearing fruit since 1805.

A short stroll down the Heritage Walk brings you to Experiment Farm Cottage, Former convict James Ruse became the first to meet Governor Phillip's challenge of developing a self -sustaining farm. Ruse was given six and half acres to cultivate crops, with the promise of an additional 24 acres if his farm was successful. With the success of "Experiment Farm" Ruse became the recipient of the first land grant in the colony. Colonial Surgeon John Harris bought the property from Ruse in 1793 and built the brick cottage that exists on the site today.
by Charlotte Giles
References and Bibliography
Charlotte Giles is a travel writer for last minute accommodation site - LastBeds. Charlotte is currently backpacking around Australia, she loves staying in cheap hotels in Sydney.
Rated:NR/0 Votes
1 Views
Add To My Article Reading List
Add To My Article Reading List
Print Article
Print
More Article By Charlotte Giles
More Article by Charlotte Giles
Share
More Articles From Travel
More Articles From Travel
Related Articles and Readings
Bits of Heritage Whose Heritage By: Muyiwa Osifuye
Change is the only inevitably constant aspect of life in this world we all live in. Our cultures have been dynamic. In some places we experience a rapidly vanishing heritage. While others keep theirs and improve on them, others simply do not know what to do with theirs. Technology and ...
Best Three Vibrantly Diverse Heritage Getaways in India By: David H. Urmann
Since times immemorial, India has been the home to a variety of cultures which is depicted in the various architectural edifices present in the country It showcases the rich and the advanced cultural development of the ...
Heritage Buildings of Mumbai - A Rich Glorious Past By: David H. Urmann
Mumbai has a rich artistic and architectural heritage which is reflected in the various stately buildings that are spread across the city The city has had the privilege of being artistically molded by various rulers over the ...
An overview of Culture & Heritage Site Management Degree By: Jason White
The article describes about how an individual can get in-depth knowledge as how to do Culture and Heritage site management while learning the techniques of doing it through an educational program. ...
Family Heritage Life Insurance Co.- Saved My Friend's Life By: Dirk Bristol
Chad's life was hanging by a thread He was diagnosed with a rare form of lung cancer, he was only thirty ...
The information provided in this article and/or the comments is the sole responsibility of their respective authors and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of ezinepost.com. ezinepost.com  does not endorse any article and/or comments published by our web users unless otherwise noted. 

Member Panel

login to submit articles and more

StatisticsEZINEPOST.COM

  • » Active Categories: 419
  • » Active Articles:252096
  • » Active Authors:32163
  • » Active Members: 35787
  • » Statistics Updated:
    - Sat Aug 11th, 2018 01:04PM EST