How Poultry Farming Is Done In IndiaHow Poultry Farming Is Done In India

Poultry farming is a practice of raising chickens, poultry, ducks, turkeys, and other fowl, for the purpose of farming eggs or meat for food. Poultry farms can be of two types depending upon the purpose.

1. Breeding farms where poultry is raised for meat, or
2. Layer farms where eggs are produced.

The poultry farming in India has a vital importance because the eggs and chicken meat are rich and cheaper sources of vitamins, minerals, and protein. Poultry farming in India is an excellent source of income and provides employment to millions of farmers and other persons that are engaged in activities associated with the poultry industry. Chicken is widely accepted in India as compared to beef or pork because it does not raise any religious issue.

Moreover, chicken meat is cheaper than mutton or goat meat. Many Indian families, especially the educated people, are using eggs as a regular part of their vegetarian diet. The forecast surveys indicate that demand for eggs and chicken meat in next 2-3 decades will increase rapidly in the country. India's 75% of the total egg production is consumed by the 25% people, those who live in urban and semi-urban areas.

It is said that the Poultry Industry in India is almost 5,000 years old. But it was not given much importance in the early days. All development in Poultry Industry is made possible in the last 40 years. Now Indian poultry industry is well established and has worldwide importance. There are about 60,000 poultry farms in India in urban and peril-urban regions and one lakh small poultry farms covering 50 to 1000 birds in rural areas.

A majority of the Indian poultry industry is in the organized sector and the rest is in the unorganized sector. Poultry industry that is in the organized sector contributes 70% of the total output while 30% contribution is made by the industry that is in the unorganized sector. The National Institute of Nutrition in India has recommended 180 eggs and 11 kg of meat per capita consumption for the country.Presently,

• The per capita availability of meat: 1.6 kg.
• The Per capita availability of egg is 1.8 kg (42 eggs).
• The average consumption of eggs in the big cities is almost 170 eggs
• The average consumption of eggs in the smaller cities is 40 eggs
• The average consumption of eggs in the urbanized rural areas: 20 eggs
• Average consumption of eggs in backward rural areas is 5 eggs
• Although, 20% of the Indian population is vegetarian,but with the rise of middle class and increasing development in the country, people prefer to take non-vegetarian food.

The Indian poultry industry has more than 3 million farmers and 15 million agrarian farmers. India got 17th position in the world poultry production and its poultry productions are cheapest in the world. The 3.6% of global egg production is produced in India and the production cost of these eggs is lowest in the world.Diet eggs or designer eggs are used as a substitute for vitamin E, Omega fatty acids and antioxidant requirements.

Rural poultry production constitutes an important part in the economy of India. It was economy in the past due to the illiteracy of the rural people, but now, it is slowly re-emerging to become a worthwhile component in future.

Recent positive developments in the Indian poultry industry

India is free from the bird flu.
Bihar AH Secretary of India promises to provide help for the improvement of poultry industry.
NABARD promises to bring prosperity in rural sectors through poultry.
India is going to restart the export of eggs this month.
by Kevin Rao
References and Bibliography
The India poultry Industry has more than 3 million farmers and 15 million agrarian farmers. India got 17th position in the world poultry production and its poultry productions are cheapest in the world. Click here for Poultry farming in India
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